3.2 Restricted substances and materials
In many cases, different materials in the same product were tested and each material was tested for several substances. For example, for an electrical product, both the soft plastic parts and also, the metal soldering point inside the product were tested. The restricted substances were predominantly found in metals and soft plastic. Lead, cadmium, phthalate (DEHP) and short chained chlorinated paraffins (SCCP) were the restricted substances most often found. The following substances were found above restriction limit in the project:
Lead: in 85 of the products, predominantly in the soldering point of electronics
Boron: in six slimes for children
Cadmium: in 42 products: 22 jewellery, 14 electronics and 6 in PVC
Phthalates (predominantly DEHP): in 54 products, mostly in PVC
SCCP: in 38 products in PVC, mostly electronics (29)
PAHs: in two tattoo inks
Formaldehyde: in two fingerpaints
Nickel: in two products: jewellery and PVC
Nitrosamines: in five toys (rubber part)
3.3 Enforcement measures
Contact with e-commerce actors
When a non-compliant product was found, the responsible actor for the product was contacted. However, in five cases, we were not able to get in contact with the actor behind the dropshipping store.
Follow-up of non-compliance
The national authority notified the actors about the non-compliance in writing. Most of the actors voluntarily withdraw the product from the market. However, in 29 (19%) of the cases, the product was either never removed or it had reappeared when we controlled the webpage a month after the written notice. The 29 products were bought in 12 different stores. These were mainly global marketplaces (4) and dropshipping stores (7).
The policies and legislative possibilities for prosecution differ among the countries. The Swedish market surveillance authority reported 29 actors (44 products) to the prosecutor. The actors were almost all national based companies; dropshipping stores (16), web shops (12) and one national marketplace.